United Nations sustainable development goals (SDGS)
The event echos goals 3, 4, 6, 11, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17 of the 17 sustainable development goals and use Our Oceans, Our Future as the theme to guide students to make abstract climate change concepts concrete. But what are the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals?
In September 2015 the 2030 Agenda for sustainable development was passed by the world’s countries in the General Assembly. The Agenda covers 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) that became effective formally on January 1, 2016. These new goals are applicable to all countries. Therefore in the subsequent 15 years, each country would be dedicated to elimination of all forms of poverty, realizing equality and coping with climate change and ensuring no issue is left uncovered.
The sustainable development goals are based on the achievements of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and aiming to eliminate all forms of poverty. It is built on the guideline of the original sustainable development that “meets the needs of the present generation without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs” to continue to complete the tasks. Meanwhile the new goals call on all countries, including poor countries, rich countries and medium income countries, to take actions together to promote prosperity and protect the Earth.
The sustainable development goals projected to go toward the 2020 Agenda integrate the three major frameworks of society, economy, and environment and put forward five new major elements and emphasize the interrelationships of goal consolidation with the hope that at the same time of dedicating to elimination of poverty, we need to implement requirements of society that would promote economic growth, meet education, health, social protection and job opportunities as well as aspects coping with climate action and environmental protection.